Adverb Clauses Examples and Exercises – English Grammar Notes (2023)

Since an Adverb Clause in a Complex Sentence is a Subordinate Clause which does the work of an Adverb, it can be of the following kinds :

  1. Time
  2. Place
  3. Manner
  4. Cause or Reason
  5. Purpose
  6. Result or Consequence
  7. Comparison
  8. Condition
  9. Supposition or Concession


  1. Adverb Clauses of Time are introduced by subordinating conjunctions like when, whenever, as, after, since, before, till; as,

I will do it when I please.

As he entered the room all stood up to greet him.

She came after darkness had fallen.

I have not been well since I returned from England.

I haven’t heard from him since he left for the States.

Before you leave this place bring me some milk.

Wait until I come.

The children danced while the piper played.

You can stay here as long as you like.

So long as the rain continued, I remained with my friend.

As soon as I heard the news, I left the place.

No sooner did the thief see the policeman than he ran away.


  • Adverb Clauses of Place are introduced by subordinating conjunctions like where, whenever, whence, whither; as,

Where the piper went, the children followed.

The dog followed him wherever he went.

She returned whence she came.

The wind bloweth whither it listeth.

(Video) Learn English Grammar: The Adverb Clause


Adverb Clauses of Manner are introduced by subordinating conjunctions like as, as if, as though; as,

Do as you like.

As you sow so shall you reap.

Do to others as you would be done by.

She talked as if she knew everything.

The lioness ran straight on us as though she had been shot.


Adverb Clauses of Cause or Reason are introduced by Subordinating Conjunctions like because, since, as that, as,

The child cried because he was hungry.

Because you have insulted me I shall dismiss you.

Since she says so, I must believe it.

As he was not there, I spoke to his brother.

I am glad that you have come.

Now that he has come, let him preside over the meeting.


Adverb Clauses of Purpose are introduced by subordinating conjunctions like that (in order that, so that), lest; as,

She takes medicine that she may become well.

We eat that we may live.

(Video) ADVERB CLAUSES | All the Grammar You Need to Know

Note this down so that you may not forget it.

I worked hard so that I might win a prize.

He spends little in order that he may save some money.

Work hard lest you should fail.


Adverb Clauses of Result or Consequence are introduced by the Subordinating Conjunction that (generally preceded by so or such in the Main Clause); but the Conjunction is sometimes understood; as,

He was so weak, that he could hardly stand.

He speaks so fast that I cannot follow him.

He is so brave that he is not afraid of any danger.

She ran so hard that she was out of breath.

I spoke in such a way that he understood me.

It is so far off I cannot see it. [That is understood.]

She was so weak that she could hardly stand.

So bravely did they fight that the enemy had to retreat.

So terrible a disease broke out that thousands died.

So good a man was he that all respected him.


Adverb Clauses of Comparison of Degree are introduced by one of the subordinating conjunctions or Relative Adverbs as, than.

As denoting degree is generally accompanied by as or so in the Main Clause; as,

(Video) Adverb Clauses | English Grammar | iken | ikenedu | ikenApp

He is as dull as he is fat.

She is as wise as she is beautiful.

He is not so foolish as you think.

Than is always accompanied by a Comparative (Adjective or Adverb) or by words like other in the Main Clause; as,

He is wiser than I thought.

She is younger than she looks.

No one is a better judge than he is. It was no other than it seemed.

NOTE: The Verb of the Clause of Comparison is often not expressed but only understood; as,

She works harder than Lila [does].

He is as tall as his father [is]


Adverb Clauses of Condition are generally introduced by Subordinating Conjunctions like, if unless, whether; as,

If I make a promise, I keep it.

If it rains, we shall not go out.

If I were you, I would accept the offer.

You will not pass unless you work harder.

Unless it rains, the crops will fail.

I must appear in the examination, whether I pass or not.

NOTE 1: Sometimes the Subordinating Conjunction is omitted in Adverb Clauses of Condition; as,

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Had he told the truth, he would not have been punished.

Had I not seen her smoking with my own eyes, I would not have believed it.

Here an angel to tell me such a thing of her, I would not believe it.

NOTE 2: Adverb Clauses of Condition are sometimes introduced by whatever, whichever, however; as,

Whatever you might say, I am not going to change my mind. Whatever road you take, you will not catch the train.

He will never succeed, however hard he tries.

However cleverly you may act, you will not be able to deceive him.


Adverb Clauses of Supposition or Concession are introduced by Subordinating Conjunctions like although, though, even, if; as Although it rained yesterday, we played tennis.

Although I told her not to do it, yet she did it.

He works hard though he is not intelligent.

Though he was rich, he was not happy.

Though he is poor, he is honest.

Even if I fail, I shall not give up hope.

Even if I had the money, I wouldn’t buy a car now.

Exercise 1: Pick out the Adverb Clauses in the following sentences, and say of what kind each is:

  1. When he was a child, Scott was very delicate.
  2. He was allowed to go wherever he pleased.
  3. As you want an answer, I will give you one.
  4. He died that France might live.
  5. The prince walked proudly, as if he owned the earth.
  6. He played with the machine, as a child plays with a toy.
  7. His sister is younger than he is.
  8. However rich he may get, he will not grow contented.
  9. Strike the iron while it is hot.
  10. Though he is poor, he is honest.
  11. Unless you work harder, you will fail.
  12. So good a man is he that all respect him.
  13. O God, be with us, lest we forget.
  14. No one can judge better than she can.
  15. Since you desire it, I will look into the matter.
  16. She -was as gentle as a dove.
  17. Play the game, whether you win or lose.
  18. She had such a pain that she was screaming.
  19. You may borrow the book so long as you promise to return it within a week.
  20. If you had asked me, I would have given you the money.

Exercise 2: Pick out the Subordinate Clauses in the following sentences, and say of each whether it is a Noun Clause, an Adverb Clause, or an Adjective Clause:

  1. What I told you is the whole truth.
  2. I don’t know when the examinations begin.
  3. Some people act as though they could do no wrong.
  4. Though the heavens fall, justice must be done.
  5. They never fail who die in a great cause.
  6. The tale is as dull as it is long.
  7. The place where I was born now lies in ruins.
  8. I heard that the first speaker was a tailor whose name nobody knew.
  9. No one knew how deep the pool was.
  10. He does not speak as well as he writes.
  11. We sow that we may reap.
  12. Don’t talk while you are eating.
  13. He lives longest who works the noblest.
  14. We all obeyed the order she gave.
  15. Should you be passing, call in to see me.
  16. Take an umbrella in case it rains.
  17. He that is down need fear no fall.
  18. She made no complaint except that she was tired.
  19. If you have tears, prepare to shed them now.
  20. The moment which is lost is lost for ever.
  21. Now that she has come, let her move the resolution.
  22. However cleverly you may cheat, you will be found out at last.
  23. Whatever may be the result, I shall not accept her offer.
  24. Whether the Rajah likes it or not, he will speak the truth.
  25. So bravely did they fight that the enemy had to surrender.

Exercise 3: Pick out the Clauses in the following sentences and tell the kind of each.

  1. The mayor denied that the promise which he had made was binding.
  2. He said that I was mad when I told him that I wanted to run away from home.
  3. The man who can play most heartily is generally the man who can work most heartily.
  4. When the Governor found out why the bell had rung, he ordered that justice should be immediately done to the horse.
  5. The night which we passed at the inn where we halted was as dark as January.
  6. I can’t tell you how it happened that my younger brother, who never worked hard at his lessons, stood first in the examination.
  7. He told me that he thanked God that he never knew what it was to be dishonest.
  8. I told him that a good man was he who helped his friends when they needed his help most.
  9. When he was born, who brought him up, where he lived, and how he lived, no one knows.
  10. He was of the opinion that no man who had any knowledge of the needs of the city would support such a measure.
  11. She told her father that she had seen her husband’s ring on the finger of the beggar who sat by the side of the garden.
  12. The teacher who had taken undue interest in the boy became angry with him when he learned that he had not even cared to appear in the examination.
  13. The Headmaster told the boy that if he behaved in that way again he would be turned out of the school.
  14. When he arrived the night was so dark that the police could not recognise who the visitor was.
  15. She spoke so clearly that even those who stood at distance from her could hear every word of what she said.


What are the 10 examples of adverb clause? ›

Adverb Clauses List
  • Even when I'm sick.
  • When you have finished working.
  • Whenever you like.
  • Wherever we prefer.
  • Since I returned from vacation.
  • As she was not there.
  • Since you always do well.
  • Before entering high school.

What is adverb clause in English grammar with examples? ›

Examples of Adverb Clauses Used in the Middle of a Sentence
  • My cousins, though they told us that they would not come for the movie, they somehow made it.
  • He remembered, after he left the office, that he had not sent the EOD report.
  • Remya, since she was not keeping well, decided not to go to work today and tomorrow.

What are adverb clauses notes? ›

What is an adverbial clause? An adverbial clause, sometimes referred to as an adverb clause, is a group of words that, together, functions as an adverb. This means that the clause describes or modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Unlike other types of clauses, an adverbial clause is always a dependent clause.

What are 5 examples of adverb clause of condition? ›

Adverb clauses of condition
  • If I like it, I will buy it.
  • If you heat ice, it melts.
  • If it rains, we will stay at home.
  • You may come, if you want to.
  • You won't pass unless you work hard.
  • You will be shot unless you give me the keys of the locker.
  • There will be no problem provided that you keep your mouth shut.
Mar 7, 2011

What are the 3 parts of an adverb clause? ›

Adverbial clauses contain a subject, a predicate, and a subordinating conjunction.

What is an example sentence of an adverb clause of purpose? ›

Adverb clauses of purpose are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions that, so that, in order that and lest. We eat that we may live. He works hard so that he will become a millionaire. Put on your warm clothes lest you should catch a chill.

How do you know if a sentence is an adverb clause? ›

An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that modifies the main verb in the independent clause. Adverbial clauses always start with a subordinating conjunction and must connect to an independent clause to make sense. For example: Even if I take the train, I still might be late to my appointment.

What does an adverb clause look like? ›

An adverbial clause (or adverb clause) is a clause containing a subject and verb that acts as an adverb to modify the main clause of a sentence. Adverbial clauses are connected to the main clause of a sentence using subordinating conjunctions (e.g., “because,” “since,” “before,” “although,” “so that”).

How do you turn a sentence into an adverb clause? ›

A clause must contain a subject and a verb to be complete. An adverb clause also begins with a subordinating conjunction, such as "after," "if," "because" and "although." If you see a group of words in a sentence that acts like an adverb but does not have both a subject and a verb, it's an adverb phrase.

What are clauses in English grammar notes? ›

A clause is a group of words that contains a subject and a verb that have a relationship. This relationship is crucial; a clause conveys information about what that subject is or is doing, rather than simply being a random grouping of words.

What are the 7 types of clauses? ›

  • Exploring English Grammar Clauses for Clearer Writing.
  • Independent Clause.
  • Subordinate Clause.
  • Adjective Clause.
  • Adverbial Clause.
  • Noun Clause.
  • Relative Clause.
  • Conditional Clause.
5 days ago

What are clauses 7th grade grammar? ›

A clause is a part of a sentence that includes a subject and a predicate. A phrase is a group of two or more words that does not contain both a subject and a predicate. An independent clause is a clause that can stand on its own as a sentence. A dependent clause is a clause that cannot stand on its own as a sentence.

What are the 4 clauses in English? ›

There are four basic types of main clause: declaratives (statements), interrogatives (questions), imperatives (orders/instructions) and exclamatives (used for exclamations).

What is an adverb clause simple explanation? ›

An adverb clause is a group of words that function as an adverb in a sentence. Adverb clauses can be used to add detail to your writing and explain how or why things happen. Like all types of clauses, an adverb clause has a subject and a verb. However, an adverb clause is a dependent clause.

What is a adjective clause example? ›

An adjective clause is a group of words consisting of a noun and/or a verb preceded by a relative pronoun that modifies the subject or object in the sentence. Eg: The children are very smart. Eg: The children of this generation are very smart. Eg: The children who belong to this generation are very smart.

What are the 10 examples of adjective clause? ›

Adjective Clauses in Action
  • Pizza, which most people love, is not very healthy.
  • Those people whose names are on the list will go to camp.
  • Grandpa remembers the old days when there was no television.
  • Fruit that is grown organically is expensive.
  • Students who work hard get good grades.

How do you identify an adjective clause in a sentence? ›

An adjective clause will generally start off with words like who, whom, whose, when, where, which, that, and why. An adjective clause is always a dependent clause, which means that by itself it would not form a complete sentence.

What is the difference between an adverb clause and an adjective clause? ›

Differences Between Adjective and Adverb Clauses

Adjective clauses begin with a relative pronoun, while adverb clauses start with a subordinating conjunction. Adverb clauses can move to different positions within a sentence without causing a problem, but this is not true for adjective clauses.


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