Adverb Clause guide: Types, rules and examples (2023)

In this post, you will learn everything about an adverb phrase in detail. There is a video lesson attached at the end of the post; you can directly scroll down to it and watch it.

What is an adverb clause in English?

Adverb clause definition: An adverb clause, also known as an adverbial clause, is a dependent clause that works as an adverb in a sentence. It modifies the main verb and tells us WHY, WHEN, WHERE, and HOW an action happens. Since it is a dependent clause, it starts with a subordinating conjunction.

Here’s a list of subordinating conjunctions that are used in adverb clauses when they answer the following questions:

HOWas if, provided, like
WHYsince, as, because, so, because of, now that, given that, so that, that
WHENwhen, whenever, after, before, since, until, while, as soon as, by the time, once
WHEREwhere, anywhere, everywhere

Note that an adverb clause is commonly known as an adverbial clause as it is not a regular adverb but functions as an adverb in a sentence.

Adverb Clause guide: Types, rules and examples (1)

Examples:

  • She left the job because she was unhappy with the new management.
    (The adverb clause ‘because she was unhappy with the new management’ answers WHY the action happened: she left the job.)
  • They will meet us where we used to play cricket.
    (The adverb clause ‘where we used to play cricket’ answers WHERE the action will happen.)
  • The kids can watch TV after they finish their homework.
    (The adverb clause ‘after they finish the homework’ answers WHEN the action can happen.)
  • They were kissing in the park as if nobody was there.
    (The adverb clause ‘as if nobody was there’ answers HOW the action was happening: kissing.)
  • We will let him play if he passes the fitness test.
  • (The adverb clause ‘If he passes the fitness test” tells us in what condition the main verb happens.)

Types of adverb clauses

  1. Adverb clause of place
  2. Adverb clause of time
  3. Adverb clause of reason/purpose
  4. Adverb clause of contrast
  5. Adverb clause of condition

Adverb Clause of Place

An adverb clause of place answers the question WHERE; it tells us the place of an action.

Conjunctions used: where, anywhere, everywhere

Examples:

(Video) Adverbial Clause

  • He will meet us where we used to party back in the day.
  • You can park your car anywhere you want.
  • I see you everywhere I go.
  • It’s my house. You can sleep anywhere you want.
  • My dog koto follows me wherever I go.

Adverb Clause of Time

An adverb clause of time modifies a verb and tells us WHEN it takes place.

Conjunctions used: after, before, until, by the time, as soon as, when, whenever, since

Examples:

  • I will call you after the meeting gets over.
  • Make sure you come back to your seat before the boss arrives here.
  • Everyone started crying as soon as I gave my resignation.
  • She gets mad whenever I call her Poopoo.
  • I haven’t seen my friend Ronny since we had an argument at a party.
  • We will have left by the time you come back home.

Adverb Clause of Reason/Purpose

An adverb clause of reason/purpose modifies a verb and tells us WHY the action happens. It tells us the reason or the purpose of the action.

Conjunctions used: Because, since, as, so, so that, that

Examples:

  • Jon quit the job because he was not happy with his salary.
  • We didn’t celebrate his birthday as one of our friends had a brutal accident.
  • Since it was pouring down rain, we did not move out.
  • He is working day and night so that his family can live happily.
  • She was happy that we came out to support her.

Adverb Clause of Contrast

An adverb clause of contrast modifies a verb by giving contrasting information.

Conjunctions used: Though, although, even though

(Video) Adverb Clauses | English Grammar | iken | ikenedu | ikenApp

Examples:

  • Though he had a high fever, he continued working.
  • The beggar gave me the only burger he had although he was hungry.
  • Even though she is famous and beautiful, I’ll not marry her.
  • The company didn’t consider his application though he performed better than all the other candidates for the job.
  • We were thrown out of the hall though we all had entry passes.

Adverb Clause of Condition

An adverb clause of condition modifies a verb by telling in what condition it happens.

Conjunctions used: If, only if, unless

Examples:

  • If you apologize to her, I will let you work here.
  • They will not return your car unless you pay the loan.
  • My father promised to buy me a bike if I pass the upcoming test.
  • If it rains today, we will go out and dance.

Composition of an adverb clause

We need the following three components, at least, to form an adverb clause:

  1. Subordinating conjunction (from the above list)
  2. Subject (noun/pronoun)
  3. Verb

I’ll call you when I get free.

Subordinating conjunction = when
Subject = I
Verb = get
Compliment = free

If a dependent clause consisting any of the above subordinating conjunctions and a subject-verb combination modifies a verb by telling its place, time, reason, concession, and condition, it is called an adverb or adverbial clause as it works just like an adverb.

(Video) Noun Clause, Adjective Clause, and Adverb Clause | Quiz: Show What You Know!

How to find an adverb clause in a sentence?

If any part in a sentence (consisting a subordinating conjunction and a subject-verb combination) gives information about the main verb of the sentence, it’s an adverb clause or adverbial clause.

To be more specific, if a clause tells us about the time, place, reason, purpose, condition, or concession of the main verb, it’s an adverb clause.

Try finding out the adverb clauses in the following examples, if any:

  • I’ll return his money as soon as I get my salary credited.
  • She will get married when she is ready.
  • If they really love you, they’ll come here to see you.
  • He failed the test though he had prepared well.
  • My mother comes with me wherever I go.

Adverbs clauses:

  • As soon as I get my salary credited (talking about the time when the main verb “return” happens)
  • When she is ready (modifying the main verb by telling us the time when it happens)
  • If they really love you (giving information about the main verb in terms of a condition)
  • Though he had prepared well (modifying the main verb by giving contrasting information about it)
  • Wherever I go (modifying the main verb and telling where the main verb happens)

NOTE: ask “when/where/why/how” to the main verb to find out the adverb clause.

An adverb clause also modifies an adjective

An adverb clause generally modifies a verb, but it can also modify an adjective. Study the following examples:

  • He was sad that he couldn’t come to my birthday party. (modifying the adjective ‘sad’)
  • The teacher was angry that we didn’t perform well in the exam. (modifying the adjective ‘angry’)

Adverb clauses and commas

When adverb clauses come at the beginning of a sentence, it is best to use a comma after it. The comma makes it clear where the adverb clause is ending. study the following examples:

  • After the match ends, we will have a party.
  • If he becomes the team leader, everyone will be happy.

But when adverb clauses come at the end of a sentence, there’s no need to use a comma.

(Video) Adverb Clauses | Adverb Clauses of: Time/Place/Reason or Purpose/Condition/Comparison and Contrast

  • We will have a party after the match ends.
  • Everyone will be happy if he becomes the team leader.

Important points to note:

1. Adverb clauses start with subordinating conjunctions such as when, after, before, if, as as soon as, though, because…

2. Adverb clauses modify the main verbs by telling us WHEN, WHERE, HOW, & WHY the action happens.

3. Adverb clauses are also called adverbial clauses as they function adverbially.

Now, we know everything about an adverb clause and its types. Feel free to share your question, doubt, or feedback in the comment section, and also, share the post with the people that need it.

For one-on-one classes, contact me at[emailprotected].

FAQs

What is adverb clause examples with answers? ›

An adverbial clause is a dependent clause that modifies the main verb in the independent clause. Adverbial clauses always start with a subordinating conjunction and must connect to an independent clause to make sense. For example: Even if I take the train, I still might be late to my appointment.

What are the 10 examples of adverb clause? ›

Adverb Clauses List
  • Even when I'm sick.
  • When you have finished working.
  • Whenever you like.
  • Wherever we prefer.
  • Since I returned from vacation.
  • As she was not there.
  • Since you always do well.
  • Before entering high school.

What are the 4 types of adverb clauses? ›

Adverbial clauses of time. Adverbial clauses of purpose. Adverbial clauses of comparison (of degree and manner) Adverbial clause of concession.

What are 5 examples of adverb clause of condition? ›

Adverb clauses of condition
  • If I like it, I will buy it.
  • If you heat ice, it melts.
  • If it rains, we will stay at home.
  • You may come, if you want to.
  • You won't pass unless you work hard.
  • You will be shot unless you give me the keys of the locker.
  • There will be no problem provided that you keep your mouth shut.
Mar 7, 2011

How do you identify an adverb clause in a sentence? ›

An adverb clause, as the name suggests, is a clause that does all the functions of a normal adverb. One can identify an adverb clause by asking when, where, how, why and how often.

What are the 3 parts of an adverb clause? ›

Adverbial clauses contain a subject, a predicate, and a subordinating conjunction.

What is an example sentence of an adverb clause of purpose? ›

Adverb clauses of purpose are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions that, so that, in order that and lest. We eat that we may live. He works hard so that he will become a millionaire. Put on your warm clothes lest you should catch a chill.

What is the rule for adverbs? ›

An adverb is a word that modifies (describes) a verb (“he sings loudly”), an adjective (“very tall”), another adverb (“ended too quickly”), or even a whole sentence (“Fortunately, I had brought an umbrella.”). Adverbs often end in -ly, but some (such as fast) look exactly the same as their adjective counterparts.

What is an example of an adverb clause at the end of a sentence? ›

Adverb Clause at the End of a Sentence

Give us a call when you get back from your trip. We need to find the bar where they asked us to wait. The fireworks show will start after the sun goes down. The cat made herself at home in the apartment as if she had always lived there.

What are the 7 types of clauses? ›

  • Exploring English Grammar Clauses for Clearer Writing.
  • Independent Clause.
  • Subordinate Clause.
  • Adjective Clause.
  • Adverbial Clause.
  • Noun Clause.
  • Relative Clause.
  • Conditional Clause.
5 days ago

What are the 5 types of adverb? ›

The different types of adverbs are:
  • Adverbs of manner.
  • Adverbs of time.
  • Adverbs of place.
  • Adverbs of frequency.
  • Adverbs of degree.
  • Conjunctive adverbs.

Which is a adverb clause? ›

An adverb clause is a dependent clause that describes a verb, an adjective, or an adverb. An adverb clause tells when, where, how, why, to what extent, or under what conditions something happened. We will not have school today because it snowed last night. Until it stops raining, we will stay inside.

What are relative adverb clauses examples? ›

Relative adverbs provide an alternative to more formal structures containing a preposition and which. For example: That's the restaurant in which we met. = That's the restaurant where we.

What is adverb with example? ›

If it's modifying a noun or a pronoun, it's an adjective. If it's modifying anything else, it's an adverb. For example, in the sentence “Don't drive fast,” the word “fast” is an adverb because it's modifying the verb “drive.”

What is a adjective clause example? ›

An adjective clause is a group of words consisting of a noun and/or a verb preceded by a relative pronoun that modifies the subject or object in the sentence. Eg: The children are very smart. Eg: The children of this generation are very smart. Eg: The children who belong to this generation are very smart.

What does an adverb clause look like? ›

An adverbial clause (or adverb clause) is a clause containing a subject and verb that acts as an adverb to modify the main clause of a sentence. Adverbial clauses are connected to the main clause of a sentence using subordinating conjunctions (e.g., “because,” “since,” “before,” “although,” “so that”).

What are three adverb sentences examples? ›

She was walking slowly. My friend and I ran quickly to get the bus. He stopped the car abruptly. My grandfather smiled cheerfully.

How many rules of adverb are there? ›

There are three forms of adverbs: adverbs formed by adding -ly to an adjective, adverbs that share identical words with an adjective, and adverbs not derived from an adjective or any other word.

What are 4 adverbs that tell when? ›

Some adverbs that tell when are first, soon, always, early, next, today, later, tomorrow, and then. Read the sentences below.

How do you write adverbs in a sentence? ›

How to Use Adverbs Properly
  1. Adverb at the beginning of a sentence, modifying the whole sentence: "Clearly, my teacher needed spring break more than I did."
  2. Adverb at the end of a sentence, modifying a verb: "She asked me to help, and I did so gladly."
Sep 17, 2021

What are the rules for clauses? ›

A clause is a combination of words that makes up a sentence. It consists of a subject and a predicate. It can also be said that a clause should have a subject and a verb.

How do you identify a clause type? ›

How Do You Identify a Clause In a Sentence?
  1. Noun clause: To identify whether a dependent clause is a noun clause, see if you can replace the clause with a pronoun (he/she/it/them) or noun.
  2. Adjective clause/relative clause: An adjective clause takes the place of an adjective in a clause or phrase.

What is clause and its types with rules? ›

The two different types of clauses in English are the Independent clause and the Dependent clause. The independent clause is also referred to as the principal clause. It has a subject as well as a verb, and it can also be used as a sentence.

What are the 7 types of adverbs with examples? ›

Types of Adverbs and Examples
Types of AdverbExample
Adverb of TimeYesterday, Tomorrow, Today, Now, Then, etc.
Adverb of Quantity and RangeEntirely, Partially, Extremely, Barely, Deeply, Absolutely, etc.
Adverb of Number and FrequencyAlways, Sometimes, Frequently, Often, Usually, Rarely, etc.
3 more rows

What are the 50 examples of adverb of? ›

abnormally absentmindedly accidentally actually adventurously afterwards almost always annually anxiously arrogantly awkwardly bashfully beautifully bitterly bleakly blindly blissfully boastfully boldly bravely briefly brightly briskly broadly busily calmly carefully carelessly cautiously certainly cheerfully clearly ...

What are 7 examples of adverb? ›

Some adverbs commonly used to express this are; “quickly,” “quietly,” “fast,” “slowly,” “immediately,” “simultaneously,” “loudly,” “angrily,” “carefully,” “eagerly,” “easily,” “energetically,” “happily,” “slowly,” “wistfully,” etc.

What is an adverb clause purpose examples? ›

Adverb clauses of purpose
  • We eat that we may live.
  • He works hard so that he will become a millionaire.
  • Put on your warm clothes lest you should catch a chill.
  • Schools were closed early in order that students might reach home before the thunderstorm.
Mar 5, 2011

What is adverb and example? ›

An adverb is a word that modifies (describes) a verb (“he sings loudly”), an adjective (“very tall”), another adverb (“ended too quickly”), or even a whole sentence (“Fortunately, I had brought an umbrella.”).

What is an adverb clause examples with while? ›

Adverb clauses of time are introduced by the subordinating conjunctions while, after, whenever, before, since, as, till, until etc. While you were playing I was working. Don't use the cell phone while you are driving. As I was walking down the street, I saw James driving a Porsche.

How do you form an adverb clause? ›

An adverb clause contains a subject and a verb. However, it cannot be a complete thought because, just as all dependent clauses, it begins with a subordinating conjunction. The presence of the three parts: subject, verb, and subordinating conjunction, creates an adverb clause.

What are 8 examples of adverbs? ›

Very, too, extremely, much, more, most, little, less, incredibly, totally, greatly, hardly, deeply, barely, etc. Conjunctive Adverbs: Conjunctive adverbs perform a little differently from the other types of adverbs.

What is the adverb clause of time? ›

An adverb clause of time shows when something happens. It is usually introduced by time adverbs. Examples are: before, after, as, when, while, until, as soon as, since, no sooner than, as long as etc. Note that all adverb clauses are subordinate clauses.

What is an example of a clause? ›

A clause is a group of words that includes a subject and a verb. For example: The dog barks when the postman arrives.

Videos

1. CLAUSE vs PHRASE 🤔 | What's the difference? | Learn with examples & quiz!
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2. Basic and Reduced Adverb Clauses in English - Basic English Grammar
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3. Adverb Clauses
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4. Super Easy Examples of Adverbs in English Grammar
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5. Advanced English Grammar: Noun Clauses
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6. 13 Basic Punctuation Rules in English | Essential Writing Essential Series & Punctuation Guide
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